Conference Ensemble, James Baker, Conductor
July 2017, Composers Conference at Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA, US
Barry Crawford, flute/ Benjamin Finland, clarinet/ Marina Kifferstein, violin/ John Popham, violoncello/ Steve Beck, piano
Awards: Special Prize Piero Pezzé, the Twelfth International Composition Competition
Città di Udine, Italy, 2018
Jury includes Michele Biasutti (chair), Edmund Campion, and Roberta Silvestrini
- Oct 2018, Taukay Edizioni Musicali Concert
Teatro San Giorgio, Udine, Italy
- Sep 2018, 2018 SCI Student National Conference
Indiana University Jacobs School of Music, Bloomington, US
- July 2017, Conference Ensemble, James Baker, Conductor
Composers Conference at Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA, US
- June 2017, Ensemble Paramirabo
Le Domaine Forget, Saint-Irénée, Charlevoix, Canada
Duration: ca. 7.5 minutes
Parastratais inspired by both philosophy and mathematics; in this note I will go into some technical detail. Two concepts of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari are especially important for this work: the opposition of smooth vs. striated spaces; and the related idea of three strata, substrata-parastrata-epistrata. These concepts constitute the vertebrae of Deluezian philosophy, explaining his well-known “difference and repetition” processes, which eventually generate a “becoming” of all the epistemological meanings / beings in this world. In Deleuzian philosophy, the real world doesn’t exist as a reflection of an ideal world (or symbolic representations of imaginary orders, in Lacan’s words), but simply exists as progressive forms of infinite variations of simulacra; true beings, or “becomings” exist in between slight variations from duplication-reproduction processes. Deleuze named the fundamental layer (stratum) of these reproduction-loops as substrata, the surface level as epistrata, and the central transmuting/mitigating interfaces of nexus as parastrata.
“A stratum exists only in its epistrata and parastrata, so that in the final analysis these must be considered strata in their own right. The ideally continuous belt or ring of the stratum—the Ecumenon defined by the identity of molecular materials, substantial elements, and formal relations—exists only as shattered, fragmented into epistrata and parastrata that imply concrete machines and their respective indexes, and constitute different molecules, specific substances, and irreducible forms.” Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia (London: Continuum, 1987), 52.
Smooth space is another concept which reinforces these ideas:
“ It is a space constructed by local operations involving changes in direction. These changes in direction may be due to the nature of the journey itself, as with the nomads of the archipelagoes (a case of “directed” smooth space); but it is more likely to be due to the variability of the goal or point to be attained… smooth space is directional rather than dimensional or metric. Smooth space is filled by events or haecceities, far more than by formed and perceived things. It is a space of affects, more than one of properties. …It is an intensive rather than extensive space, one of distances, not of measures and properties. Intense Spatium instead of Extensio. (Ibid., 478.)”
The fundamental compositional tool I initiated to represent this idea (or the concept which smoothly emerged while I was struggling), is an image of gradually changing harmonic / timbral colors generated by frequency modulation (FM) formula. By employing FM formula and adopting elementary number theory, I could play with harmonic space by saturating it with a thousand different sonic colors with common / differentiated virtual fundamental tones. Rather than juxtaposing indifferent harmonies with no hierarchical context, each consecutive harmony is organically intertwined, sharing a certain portion of timbral structure (or common tones in traditional music theory, either acoustically or psycho-acoustically audible). As the music evolves, the virtual fundamental evaporates or precipitates.